- Crystal system: monoclinic
- Stability on air: stable. After many months, crystals showing no signs of dehydration.
Prepare compound by dissolving equimolar amounts of zinc sulfate (ZnSO4·7H2O) and ammonium sulfate ((NH4)2SO4) in water. It is less soluble than its constituents, so it will crystallize when hot satrated solutions are mixed.
Zinc sulfate can be prepared by dissolving in sulfuric acid metallic zinc:
Zn + H2SO4 → ZnSO4 + H2(g)
or, preferably, zinc oxide (ZnO), used as white pigment:
ZnO + H2SO4 → ZnSO4 + H2O
The second reaction is preferable, because it does not produce gas.
Ammonium sulfate is sometimes sold as fertilizer. It can be prepared by mixing ammonia solution with sulfuric acid (warning: reaction is very exoteric and can start boiling, irritating fumes of ammonia are produced when reaction is not yet complete):
2NH3 + H2SO4 → (NH4)2SO4
There is a secret in making extremely transarent crystals.
After preparing solution, add small amount of baking soda NaHCO3 to it. I used 1g of soda per 100ml of saturated solution. Stir the solution; soon, reaction starts that produces gas (CO2) and some white sediment (ZnCO3).
Let the solution stay undisturbed for a day (it is needed for completing reaction and forming sediment), filter it and use for growing.
Crystals, grown from such solution, would be brilliantly clear.
Despite zinc is important for health, in large amounts zinc compounds are moderately toxic.